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Saturday, June 12, 2021

Candlestick-Formations: How To Spot The Patterns Like A Pro!

Candlestick-Formations: How To Spot The Patterns Like A Pro!

Bitcoin / U.S. dollar BITSTAMP:BTCUSD


Welcome to this tutorial about Candlesticks and in particular the very various candlestick patterns that form in the financial markets. The charting technique under which Candlesticks operate are candlestick charts and the candlesticks firstly came up in the 18th century, till today they established as a widespread technique that many traders use for their charting. What is so amazing with these candlesticks compared to a line or point-and-figure charting is that they can determine very precisely if a market is trending, if a reversal is establishing or the momentum of price-action is slowing down. The various single candlesticks can add up to decisive candlestick-patterns that can be used for trading and trading decisions, especially with other indicators such as oscillators or channeling they can be a strong tool for today's trading principally also in modern markets where there is decent liquidity and not many gaps such as Cryptocurrency or Forex.

- In my chart, I have listed 34 contrasting cryptocurrency patterns that can be spotted in the markets. On the left side, there are 16 bearish candlestick patterns and on the right side, there are 16 bullish candlestick patterns together with the 2 candlestick patterns in the middle which have the same name regardless of direction.

- From the 17 patterns for each side are 15 possible in both directions bullish as well as bearish while there are only 2 patterns in each direction that only form in this bearish or bullish direction.

- The patterns can be divided into continuation patterns and reversal patterns. Continuation patterns can be used to make sure the established trend moves on and reversal patterns can be used to spot actual reversals to properly prepare on it.

- The patterns are functioning in the underlying timeframes similarly with the trend established in this timeframe however from a broader perspective the bigger the timeframe in which the particular pattern forms the more consistent and strong this direction is for the bigger trend. So when for example a reversal pattern forms on the weekly timeframe it is stronger than patterns forming on the daily timeframe .

Bearish/ Bullish 3 Continuations:
- A very typical continuation pattern. The first big candle sets the tone for the pattern following up with 3 minor little candlesticks with no strength in the reverse direction till a further major candlestick emerges pushing the price toward the established direction.

Bearish/ Bullish Harami:
- This is a good example of a reversal pattern. The first candlestick is a candle against the trend direction followed up by a new candle in the trend direction showing still possible continuation till a final smaller candlestick with a smaller body than the previous one sets the tone for the reversal.

Bearish/ Bullish Harami Cross:
- A great continuation pattern. As the first candle is a big candle setting the pattern up with strength a little cross following up with the same close and open which is showing a consolidation in this range to build up and continue with the further volatility into the established direction.

Dark Cloud Cover/Piercing Line:
- A very very strong reversal pattern. While the two trend candles still suggest that the previous trend is ongoing the next third candle is very weak as it is small and does not rally the full length of the previous candle and shows up win the ends of the previous candle signaling high weakness of the bulls or bears and setting up the determined reversal.

Engulfing Bearish Line/ Engulfing Bullish Line:
- The next substantial reversal pattern. It happens in a developed up or downtrend with the last candles low forming a line, the body of the next candle is bigger than the previous however it's close or open exactly forms there where the previous candle had its low, when the next individual candles moving to continue in this reverse direction then the pattern fully confirms.

Evening Doji Start/Morning Doji Star:
- This is a very interesting reversal pattern. As one normal candle into the trend directions sets up the pattern one continued weak start Doji is formed above the top or bottom of the previous body showing exhaustion and momentum slowing down, when the next candle moves into the reverse direction the pattern and continuation are validated.

Evening Star /Morning Star:

- A great reversal pattern. The first candles close or open set up a line where the next close or open travels outside the line with the candle showing a weak breakout while the next line into the reverse direction confirms the reversal and the formation to set up further volatilities into the reverse continuation-zone.

Gravestone Doji /Dragonfly Doji:
- These candles signal the initial exhaustion of the trend with a candlestick with a long shadow and the smallest possible body with the same open and close, they can be reversal as well as continuation patterns. Either the body is in the upper range or the lower range of the shadow, this is which direction the next movements will likely go.

Separating Line Bearish /Separating Line Bullish:
- This is a strong continuation pattern. As the first candle's body with the open or close sets up a line the next candle's close or long is below or above the line which means a weakness of this next candle regardless of the direction and estimates the further continuations into the trend direction.

Evening Window Star/Morning Window Start:
- This is a good example of a reversal pattern including a gap in the structure. As the first candle moves into the established direction there comes a gap before the next candle emerges which closes outside the body of the previous candle above or below, after that following candles into the new direction validate the final reversal of the previous trend.

3 Bullish Soldiers/3 Bearish Soldiers:
- This is a very typical reversal pattern as the established trend exhausts with three small candles the momentum of this trend gets smaller and when the next candles follow up with a much bigger body into the other direction the pattern is completed and will determine the bearish or bullish continuations into the reversal direction.

Inverted Hammer:
- This is a reversal pattern that stops the previous trend and moves in the other direction. It has a high similarity with the hammer however in this case the small bodies close or open is at the same price as the low of the candle showing the exhaustion of the previous trend direction and builds the setup for the full reversal.

On-Neck Line:
- This is a pattern that shows the incoming bullish reversal of a previously established bearish trend as one first bullish candle signals the possible reversal it is followed by a bearish one still pushing downward and forming a new low till a snap-back move on finally confirming the reversal.

Shooting Star /Inverted Hammer:

- This is a pattern that determines a strong reversal as the first candles open or close forms a line, the following candles move above or below this line and then close or open is exactly on this line just outside after that the next big candle forms into the reverse direction again below or above this line and the final reversal is formed.

Long Upper Shadow/Long Lower Shadow:
- This pattern can move in the bearish or bullish direction showing up a reversal, as the price-action is exhausted in the particular direction a long shadow builds up while the body of the candlestick is very small in the previous direction weakens further and the reversal is easily established.

Tweezer Tops/ Tweezer Bottoms:
- This reversal pattern can come in two variants in both it is important on where the close of the new candle lies to the previous candle or in reverse the open to the new candle, similarly with the low or high of the new candle. When these are at the same price action the reversal is determined into the new direction.

Hanging Man/Hammer:
- This pattern signals a determined reversal and in comparison to the long upper shadow/long lower shadow fills out the complete end of the shadow with the close or open at the same price level as the high.

- The Tri-Star is a pattern that shows a reversal with three candles each one with very small shadows as well as a same-close-and-same-open body, in the bearish reversal two bullish candles are followed by a third bearish and in the bullish reversal, the reciprocal determinations hold true.

Spinning Top:
- This pattern is an amazing reversal pattern with a very large shadow and the body exactly in the middle. Depending on whether the candlestick is green or red this will be the direction in which the further continuations move.
As we can see now there are a lot of great patterns to be formed in modern markets and when done right they can be spotted and can provide the proper informational inputs for trading planning especially in combination with other technical analysis tools they can function exceptionally well and building a solid alternative for the other charting techniques, the success story tells itself as they have established well in the trading world. In trading these types of candlestick patterns it is necessary to recognize in which timeframe they form, as bigger timeframes can invalidate lower and in which trending constellation they are forming, therefore it is also good to look at previous candles and their patterns in the individual asset.
In this manner, thank you everybody for watching, support the idea with a like and follow or comment, have a good day, and all the best to you!

Information provided is only educational and should not be used to take action in the markets.

from TradingView Ideas
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